Water supply and sewage services of the Municipality of Kikinda
In Kikinda at the moment there are 60.000 residents and around 400 economic organizations and institutions that use city water supply network. In Kikinda the system consists of three sources which contain 12 wells 160m and 240m deep. The rest of the municipality uses 21 well which adds up to 33 wells in total or 555 liters per second. The water is distributed by main and secondary lines 314 km long. Raw groundwater taken from the spring is disinfected in each well by sodium hypochlorite and distributed to network in order to provide bacteriologically safe water. By regular control and analyzing samples Public Health Institute Kikinda determined that the water is chemically not according to regulations.
The biggest spring is water catchment Sumica where 10 wells are situated and Masarikova with 1 well and then Jezero with one well. Suburbs have their own springs and wells for water supply.
Sewage network in Kikinda is 105 km long which is 75 % of water supply network length. At the moment waste water is collected from 10.000 households (80% of the Kikinda’s territory) and from around 300 enterprises. Building of the sewage has been a priority for the last five years and our plan is to relatively soon cover the grounds of the city with sewerage network. The villages in the municipality do not have a sewerage system and use septic tanks.
Looking back at the earlier phases of development of modern water supply it would be good to mention that organized system of water supply in the Municipality of Kikinda started in 1960 leaning on ground waters as a resource.
Building of sewerage system has started mid 20th century and Kikinda was among the first across ex Yugoslavia to address the issue of solving waste water problem. The first Conceptual Design for sewerage was done in 1964 and five years later in 1969 a device for waste water purification was built and first ran in June 1971. Beginning of 80’s last century a more intense approach towards resolving capacity problems of the waste water purification devices has been introduced as Kikinda faced population growth and industrial growth given that it was one of the leading economic centres in Yugoslavia. In 1985 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute for Civil Engineering of SAP Vojvodina, Subotica has completed major project of purification device for capacity of 120.000 PE. According to project building in phases was planned, 2X60.000 PE and the building started.
Even though until 1990 some of the planned objects have been built, the project was never finalized. Over the last four years building of sewerage system was continued.